Identification
General description: 
Tanakh with vowels, accents and Masorah.
Material nature: 
Codex
Volume / fragment / virtual manuscript: 
volume
Institution: 
Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana - Vatican City - Vatican
Alias name: 
La Rochelle Bible (Vat. 468), Bible of Hayim ben Isaac
Manuscript NLI ID: 
95511
Number of folios: 
463
Language: 
Hebrew
Dating: 
dated
Date: 
1215
Eras: 
Era of creation
Dated from 6 Tishri 4976 (see colophon f. 481r)
Geographical area (estimated geographical provenance): 
Ashkenazic area
Subregion estimated: 
Franco-Ashkenazic area
La Rochelle
History of the manuscrit in collection: 
Different jewish owners. According to Richler catalog (p. 407), the MS has been sold in "Estella" (Etoile-sur-Rhône, France according KTIV) in 1348 for 16 gold florins; then in 1464 in Venice, the manuscript is sold for 55 ducats. On 1475/6, was hold by the Meshullam family (probably from the printer Meshullam Cusi b. Jacob Rapa from Piove di Sacco). The censor Giovanni Domenico Carretto saw the manucript (f. 481).
Image links
Production Units

Sources of the notice

Description level: 
2
Sources of the notice: 
Data: 
palaeographical, textual, historical
Sources: 
  • Richler, B. Hebrew Manuscripts in the Vatican Library. Catalogue In Compiled by the Staff of the Institute of Microfilmed Hebrew Manuscripts, Jewish National and University Library, Jerusalem. Studi I testi 438. Vatican: Biblioteca apostolica vaticana, 2008.
Data: 
codicological
Sources: 
Notice Authors: 

Kind of Production Unit

Completion state: 
complete
Rank: 
Primary
Material nature: 
Codex

Colophon

f. 481r (extract) : אני חיים בר' יצחק כתבתי ומסרתי זה העשרים וארבע למורי ר' שלמה בר' יוסף הכהן וסימתיו בשלישי בשבת בששה ימים לירח תשרי שנת ארבעת אלפים ותשע מאות ושבעים וששה לבריאת עולם למנין שאנו מונין כאן בלרוקילא ולשמרו ולעשות כל הכתוב בו הוא ובניו ובני בניו עד סוף כל הדורות ויקיים בו ובזרעו מקרא שכתוב לא ימוש ספר התורה הזה מפיך והגית בו יומם ולילה למען תשמר לעשות את כל הכתוב בו כי אז תצליח את דרכיך ואז תשכיל Traduction: Je suis Hayim b. Isaac, j'ai copié et mis la massore de ce "24 livres" pour mon professeur R. Salomon b. Joseph ha-Cohen; j'ai terminé mardi 6 Tishri de l'an 4976 de la création du monde selon le comput que nous avons ici à La Rochelle, afin de préserver et de faire comme ce qui y est écrit, et pour ses enfants et les enfants de enfants jusqu'à la fin des générations, qu'ils s'y élèvent, et à l'aide de la Miqra' qui est écrite, ils ne quitteront pas ce Sefer Torah de leur bouche, et ils méditeront dedans jours et nuits afin de suivre tout ce qui y est écrit, alors tu réussira ton chemin et alors tu seras éclairé (cit.).
Folio: 
481r

Geocultural area

Appears in the same orthography by micrographical Masorah in Vat. Ebr. 482
Area: 
Ashkenazic area
Subregion estimated: 
Franco-Ashkenazic
Estimated place: 
La Rochelle
Place: 
Folio: 
481
Locality in Hebrew: 
לרוקילא
Locality: 
La Rochelle

Dating

Dating: 
dated
Date: 
1215
Date in Hebrew: 
6 Tishri 4976
Eras: 
Era of creation

Foliotation of the Production Unit

(foliated erratically: 1–6, 6a–140, 143–171, 171a–178, 189–231, 231a–316, 314a–343, 345–388, 390–450, 452–460, 470–481)
Number of folios: 
464
Foliotation / Pagination: 
foliotation only, arabic numbers

Contents

Works: 
Work type: 
Hebrew biblical text
Language: 
Hebrew
Biblical content
Copied biblical books: 
  • Pentateuch / Torah
  • Prophets / Nevi’im
  • Writings / Ketuvim
Order of books
Order of Writings (W): 
K: like Talmud BB14b (Babylonian MSS: Ruth, Psalms, Job, proverbs, Qohelet, Canticles, Lamentations, Daniel, Esther, Ezra, Chronicles)

Material description

Measurements

Measured on-line
Subjective weight: 
very light
Virtual estimated size / format: 
portable size (size under 380 mm)
H/W: 
1.31
H + W: 
384.00mm

Height

Height: 
218.00mm
Height text: 
136.00mm

Width

Width: 
166.00mm
Width text: 
102.00mm

Writing supports features

Writing supports: 
parchment

Parchement

Color side difference: 
never visible
Distinction of the sides hair/flesh: 
always visible
Traces of scratching: 
sometimes visible
Hair follicles visible: 
sometimes visible
Thickness: 
fine (0,11-0,15 mm)
Quality: 
holes
Thickness measured: 
yes (with a micrometer)

Writing materials

Ink type: 
ferrogallic
Color ink: 
dark brown
Corrosive ink: 
no
Writing tool: 
pen

General layout informations

Page Layout Codices: 
regular, two columns, "Massoretic" margins, additionnal or later annotations

Decoration

Some illustrations to mark the beginning of the parashah (Letter Peh in gold) / Ilustration: Ark f. 43r / Animals and persons incorporated in vegetal designs. Not in all the manuscript. Added later because the Massorah parva is erased by the use of the pigments.
Type of decoration: 
ornament, illustration

Ornamentation

Text placement: 
en pleine page / full page
Ornamentation type: 
encadrement lettre mot initial, bordure, marges
Ornamentation technic: 
peinture (ajout de pigments)

Illustration

The decoration in the margins has been added after (probably in Italy in the 16th century) because it is masking the Masoretic notes.

Structure of the codex

Quires

The Quire 7 is a III (ending of Exodus). Codicological breaks at the end of the Pentateuch : quire n° 15 (ff. 110-116) is a IV-1 with the first folio cut. There is a disruption in the vis a vis rule (the quire 15 begins with a flesh side instead of hair side). The last folio remains blank (f. 116v). The next quire comes with the folio 117r, blank too (a hair side). The Quire 23 is a V (ff. 174-193) but the scribe finally let a opening view blank at the end of Samuel, but inscribing a continuity with the next quire (catchword) and the next book (Kings). The same occurs in Quire 31 (ff. 249-258) where ff. 257v-258r remains blank. The scribe prefers keep some blank folios instead of cutting them, and wants to begin a new book with a new quire (here Jeremiah f. 259r). Quire 41 is a VI that ends exactly f. 339v at the end of Kings (f. 340r is the quire 42 with Ruth). Catchword between Quire 52 (End of Ezra, a V) and Quire 53 (Cronicles).
Number of quires: 
57
Composition: 
regular composition, 3/4 of the quires are composed identically, Vis à vis between hair and flesh sides
Cardinal quire: 
4
Collation: 
See Sfardata > Questionaire > Cahiers 64 quaternions complets + deux III dont un incomplet pour le 468; 57 cahiers dont 52 quaternions, 1 ternion, 3 quinion et 1 senion pour le 482. La présence d’une réclame et la visibilité de la ficelle ayant rendu l’exercice assez facile.
Structure (Quires / Contents): 
Modular structure

Ruling

Ruling presence: 
visible
Ruling pattern: 
Framework
Ruling technic: 
hard point
Ruling process: 
not folded, on 2 folios, hair side
Number of written lines: 
31
Number of ruled lines: 
32
Ruling use: 
last ruled line unwritten
Nature of the ruling
Prickings: 
visible
Signatures / Catchwords
Catchwords features: 
one word, horizontal
Catchwords position: 
end of quires
Persons
Identification of the scribes
Scribes: 
Person: 
Hayim ben Isaac
Acrostic: 
no
Hayim ben Isaac was probably also the naqdan.
Functions: 
Function: 
scribe sofer & masran
Kind of script: 
square calligraphic, micrographic, masoretic
Type of script: 
Ashkenazic area
Sub type of script: 
Franco-Ashkenazic
Main features
no gothic features of the square
Patrons
Teacher (מורי) of the scribe
Patrons: 
Solomon b. Joseph ha-Kohen

Owners

Owners: 
Moses ben Tanhum
Meshullam Cusi (b. Moses Jacob Rapa from Pieve di Sacco?)
Jacob b. Samson (from Meshullam family ?)
Jacob ben Solomon Jacob (?)
Isaac b. Peter, Moses b. Jesse, Jacob b. Benjamin, Solomon b. Samuel
Elijah ben Menahem

Book binder

Book binding from the Vaticana (arrival of the codex in 1812)

Illuminator

Illuminator: 
Person: 
Italian illuminator
Scribes
Scribe: 
Hayim ben Isaac
Same scribe as PU 2 Vat. Ebr. 482.
Bibliographie
Richler, B. Hebrew Manuscripts in the Vatican Library. Catalogue In Compiled by the Staff of the Institute of Microfilmed Hebrew Manuscripts, Jewish National and University Library, Jerusalem. Studi I testi 438. Vatican: Biblioteca apostolica vaticana, 2008. 406-407

How to quote this page

MS Vatican City BAV Vat. ebr. 468
Author(s) of this publication: Élodie Attia (EA)
Reviser(s) of this publication:
Publishing date: Thu, 10/26/2017 - 14:16
Modified date: Wed, 06/10/2020 - 22:16
URL: https://mbh.huma-num.fr/en/ms/vat-ebr-468
Visited: Wed, 12/08/2021 - 06:56